Great efforts are undertaken worldwide for preservation of stone monuments. Experts agree that effective and economic monument preservation requires a reliable diagnosis of stone materials and stone damages.
Registration, documentation and evaluation of damages represent important parts of damage diagnosis at stone monuments. The monument mapping method - developed by the working group "Natural stones and weathering" - guarantees results contributing essentially to precise damage diagnosis. The method is recognized internationally and has been applied successfully at numerous monuments worldwide.
Monument mapping comprises:
- registration and mapping of lithotypes
- classification and mapping of weathering damages according to type, intensity and distribution
- illustration of results in monument plans
- evaluation of results obtained from mapping
Monument mapping guarantees:
- objective and reproducible mapping of lithotypes and weathering damages
- quantitative evaluation of damages as function of lithotypes and monument characteristics
- scientific rating of damages
- information on causes and mechanisms of damage
- evaluation of damage progression, damage prognosis
- information for optimal application of additional investigation methods
- information on necessity/urgency of preservation measures
- recommendations of appropriate preservation measures
Monument mapping allows:
- certification of preservation measures
- long-term observation of monuments
Monument mapping represents a non-destructive, economic diagnostic procedure, which can be recommended for routine application in the field of monument preservation.